The rise of four powerful democracies – Brazil, India, Indonesia and Turkey – presents one of the most significant opportunities for U.S. foreign policy in the early 21st century. Daniel M. Kliman of the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) and Richard Fontaine of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) urge American leaders to pursue closer partnerships with these four countries, which they term “global swing states.” In Global Swing States: Brazil, India, Indonesia, Turkey and the Future of International Order, published as part of a joint initiative of GMF and CNAS, Kliman and Fontaine offer a new framework for thinking about how U.S. engagement with these pivotal powers can bolster peace, prosperity and freedom.
In addition to this capstone report by Kliman and Fontaine, CNAS and GMF published five working papers that explore how the global swing states relate to key elements of the international order and lay out implications for the United States and its European allies:
Global Swing States and the Trade Order by Jennifer Hillman, Senior Transatlantic Fellow, GMF
Global Swing States and the Financial Order by Joe Quinlan, Non-Resident Fellow, GMF
Global Swing States and the Maritime Order by James Kraska, Howard S. Levie Chair of Operational Law, U.S. Naval War College
Global Swing States and the Nonproliferation Order by Megan Garcia, Fellow, Hewlett Foundation
Global Swing States and the Human Rights and Democracy Order by Ted Piccone, Senior Fellow and Deputy Director for Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution