In NATO’s 70-year history, no member state has strayed as far from the alliance’s foundational ideas as Turkey has in the past year. Yet as they gather for this week’s summit in London, NATO leaders are still determining how to respond.
Any recounting of Ankara’s recent offences should begin with its purchase of Russian S-400 missile defence systems, which began arriving in Turkey in July. The transatlantic alliance was created primarily to oppose the Soviet Union, and at the 2016 Warsaw summit the alliance named Russia as its most destabilising threat.
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