The economic and military balance of world power could be altered as China rushes to develop artificial intelligence technology, a US think tank has warned.
The report cites examples of how AI tech is being used in a military setting.
In July, China announced its national plan for AI, calling for the country to catch up with the US.
But one expert said the accusations could be "sabre-rattling".
"China is no longer in a position of technological inferiority relative to the United States but rather has become a true peer that may have the capability to overtake the United States in AI," said the report, from the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), a research arm of the US intelligence community.
"China's People's Liberation Army is also investing in a range of AI-related projects and PLA research institutes are partnering with the Chinese defence industry," the report said, citing publicly available documents.
"The PLA anticipates that the advent of AI could fundamentally change the character of warfare," it added.
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