Showing 1-20 of 631 Publications
Operation Warp Speed showed the power of the U.S. government to direct national biotech capabilities around a shared goal—in this case, a novel vaccine. But there are many oth...
By Hannah Kelley
Evolution Not Revolution
This report concludes that drones have transformed the battlefield in the war in Ukraine, but in an evolutionary rather than revolutionary fashion. While tactical innovation a...
By Stacie Pettyjohn
Foreword By Richard Fontaine Rapid technological change touches virtually every aspect of life today. This includes defense and national security, and for good reason: To main...
By Douglas A. Beck
Potential Russian Uses of Paramilitaries in Eurasia
Executive Summary While much remains uncertain following the June 2023 mutiny of Russia’s Wagner Group and the August death of its leader, Yevgeny Prigozhin, Russia will likel...
By Kimberly Marten, Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Carisa Nietsche, Nicholas Lokker & Kristen Taylor
Secure, Governable Chips
Broadly capable AI systems, built and deployed using specialized chips, are becoming an engine of economic growth and scientific progress. At the same time, these systems also...
By Onni Aarne, Tim Fist & Caleb Withers
Identifying Russian Vulnerabilities and How to Leverage Them
Getting U.S. policy toward Russia right requires an understanding of Russia’s vulnerabilities and how to leverage them....
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Richard Connolly, Siemon Wezeman, Gavin Wilde, Elina Ribakova, Benjamin Hilgenstock, Edward Fishman, Eric Ciaramella, Paul Stronski, Peter Schroeder, Timothy Frye & Maria Snegovaya
Resisting China’s Gray Zone Military Pressure on Taiwan
The People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) has sharply escalated its pressure campaign targeting the Republic of China (ROC or Taiwan) in recent years. Beijing appears like...
By Jacob Stokes
No Winners in This Game
Sanctioning China represents a challenge more complex than any other in the modern era of sanctions. The scale and interconnected nature of China’s economy means that the dama...
By Emily Kilcrease
Rolling the Iron Dice
Executive Summary The prospect of a Sino-American war looms on the horizon. No scenario for such a conflict has garnered more interest than the potential invasion of Taiwan b...
By Andrew Metrick
The Russia Stability Tracker
In February 2023—one year into Russian President Vladimir Putin’s war on Ukraine—CNAS convened a group of leading U.S. experts on Putin’s Russia and authoritarianism to assess...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor
Assessing the Evolving Russian Nuclear Threat
Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, its nuclear rhetoric has become more permissive, more inconsistent, and more instrumental. Russia has also placed greater emphasis on milit...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Michael Kofman, Nicholas Lokker & Heli Hautala
Preventing AI Chip Smuggling to China
China cannot legally import the most advanced artificial intelligence (AI) chips or the tooling to produce them. The large and growing computational requirements of the most p...
By Tim Fist & Erich Grunewald
Charting a Transatlantic Approach to Russia
Although the United States and Europe are not directly engaged in the war with Russia in Ukraine, Moscow clearly sees itself as being at war with the West. The United States a...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor
Strengthening the Shield
In December 2022, Japan’s government released three major strategic documents: the National Security Strategy, the National Defense Strategy, and the Defense Buildup Program. ...
By Jacob Stokes, Lisa Curtis, Joshua Fitt, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph I. Grimm & Rebecca Wittner
Campaign of Denial
The United States faces an unprecedented challenge: simultaneously deterring large-scale conventional aggression by two nuclear-armed powers. The nation will need to deter the...
By Becca Wasser
The Future of Civilians in National Security
The federal government needs people with specific skills, knowledge, and experience in the national security workforce. While there are qualified individuals who want to serve...
By Katherine L. Kuzminski, Nathalie Grogan & Celina Pouchet
Sanctions by the Numbers: 2022 Year in Review
In 2022, the United States added 2,275 persons (individuals and entities) to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN) list—a significant escalation in the ...
By Michael Frazer & Jocelyn Trainer
U.S.-China Competition and Military AI
Two tectonic trends in the international security environment appear to be on a collision course. The first trend is the intensifying geopolitical rivalry between the United S...
By Jacob Stokes, Alexander Sullivan & Noah Greene
Technology Competition: A Battle for Brains
Emerging technologies—including artificial intelligence (AI), quantum information science and technology (QIST), and biotechnology—will transform people’s lives and work world...
By Sam Howell
“Production Is Deterrence”
This report explores whether the fiscal year (FY) 2024 U.S. defense budget request for key conventional precision-guided munitions (PGMs) aligns with the 2022 National Defense...
By Stacie Pettyjohn & Hannah Dennis