September 09, 2019

Great-Power Competition Is Washington’s Top Priority—But Not the Public’s

China and Russia Don’t Keep Most Americans Awake at Night

By Richard Fontaine

For all the acrimony in Washington today, the city’s foreign policy establishment is settling on a rare bipartisan consensus: that the world has entered a new era of great-power competition. The struggle between the United States and other great powers, the emerging consensus holds, will fundamentally shape geopolitics going forward, for good or ill. And more than terrorism, climate change, or nuclear weapons in Iran or North Korea, the threats posed by these other great powers—namely, China and Russia—will consume U.S. foreign-policy makers in the decades ahead.

President Donald Trump’s administration has been a prime mover in setting this new agenda. Its National Security Strategy, published in December 2017, portrayed China and Russia as seeking “to shape a world antithetical to U.S. values and interests,” with Beijing displacing the United States in the Indo-Pacific and Russia establishing spheres of influence near its borders. When he presented the new National Defense Strategy in January 2018, then Secretary of Defense James Mattis announced that “Great Power competition—not terrorism—is now the primary focus of U.S. national security.” Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said much the same in April, when he told NATO foreign ministers that the world had entered “a new era of great-power competition,” adding separately that “China wants to be the dominant economic and military power of the world, spreading its authoritarian vision for society and its corrupt practices worldwide.” GPC has become the Pentagon’s newest acronym.

Read the full article in Foreign Affairs.

  • Reports
    • January 14, 2021
    Sanctions by the Numbers

    Sanctions designations remained high in 2020, with 777 designations compared to 785 in 2019....

    By Sam Dorshimer & ​Francis Shin

  • Reports
    • January 14, 2021
    Navigating the Deepening Russia-China Partnership

    In virtually every dimension of their relationship, cooperation between Beijing and Moscow has increased....

    By Andrea Kendall-Taylor & David Shullman

  • Commentary
    • January 12, 2021
    Harnessing Multilateralism for Digital Development

    Uneven access to digital technology is magnifying societal inequities around the world....

    By Kristen A. Cordell & Kristine Lee

  • Video
    • December 29, 2020
    Navigating the China-Russia Partnership

    As Beijing and Moscow continue to pursue military, technological, and political cooperation, how can Washington answer the challenge?...

    By Andrea Kendall-Taylor & David Shullman

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia