A new policy brief by Deputy Director of Studies and the Leon E. Panetta Fellow Dr. Dafna Rand examines U.S. influence in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and considers whether U.S. efforts have moved the decision making of MENA leaders in a direction more favorable to U.S. interests. The policy brief details four positive levers U.S. policymakers will increasing rely on: private diplomacy and persuasion, public diplomacy, civilian assistance in the form of economic support funds, and military assistance and training.
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