In The Sansha Garrison: China's Deliberate Escalation in the South China Sea, CNAS Fellow Oriana Skylar Mastro argues that China is conducting a coordinated and deliberate campaign of coercive diplomacy in the South China Sea. Mastro discusses how China's recent decision to build a military garrison in the city of Sansha challenges two key aspects of the conventional wisdom in Washington about China’s South China Sea strategy: that China’s assertive behavior results from actions taken by the civilian and military agencies independently of the central government and that China has been moderating its policies toward the South China Sea since 2009.
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