The Ethical Autonomy Project: Bibliography
Learn more about the CNAS Ethical Autonomy Project.
Aaronson, Michael. “Killer Robots: Double Standards? Blind Faith?” E-International Relations, June 7, 2013, http://www.e-ir.info/2013/06/07/killer-robots-double-standards-blind-faith/.
Achenbach, Joel. “Here’s the Argument for Banning Killer Robots Before We’re Swarmed by Them.” The Washington Post, August 21, 2015. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/08/21/heres-the-argument-for-banning-killer-robots-before-were-swarmed-by-them/.
Acheson, Ray, “Editorial: A Chance to Put Humanity First,” CCW Report, 2 no. 1 (April 13, 2015), http://reachingcriticalwill.org/images/documents/Disarmament-fora/ccw/2015/ccwreport/CCWR2.1.pdf.
Acheson, Ray and Richard Moyes, “Editorial: The unbearable meaninglessness of autonomous violence,” Reaching Critical Will, 2 no. 4 (April 16, 2015), http://reachingcriticalwill.org/disarmament-fora/others/ccw/2015/meeting-experts-laws/ccwreport/9672-16-april-2015-vol-2-no-4.
Ackerman, Evan. “We Should Not Ban ‘Killer Robots,’ and Here’s Why.” IEE Spectrum, July 29, 2015. http://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/artificial-intelligence/we-should-not-ban-killer-robots.
Adami, Christoph. “Should We Ban Autonomous Killing Robots?” The Huffington Post, September 10, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/christoph-adami/should-we-ban-autonomous-killing-robots_b_8107898.html.
Adhikari, Richard. “Beware the Killer Robots.” Tech News World, June 12, 2015, http://www.technewsworld.com/story/82113.html.
Agence France-Presse. “Artificial intelligence future wows Davos elite.” Bangkok Post, January 23, 2015. http://www.bangkokpost.com/tech/world-updates/459255/artificial-intelligence-future-wows-davos-elite.
Aguilar, Mario, “Today's Incredible Robots Are The Killing Machines Of The Future,” Gizmodo Australia, April 17, 2015, http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2015/04/todays-incredible-robots-are-the-killing-machines-of-the-future/.
“Africa: Religious Leaders Urge a Ban On Fully Autonomous Weapons,” All Africa, April 2, 2015, http://allafrica.com/stories/201504021100.html.
Albanesius, Chloe, “Killer Robots Are Probably a Bad Idea,” PC Magazine, April 13, 2015, http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2481295,00.asp.
Allen, Colin and Wendell Wallach. “Framing Robot Arms Control.” Ethics and Information Technology (2013). http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10676-012-9303-0.
Alston, Phil. “Lethal Robotic Technologies: The Implications for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law.“ Journal of Law, Information, and Science (2012). DOI: 10.5778/JLIS.2011.21.Alston.1. http://www.jlisjournal.org/abstracts/Alston.21.2.html.
Altmann, Jurgen. “Preventive Arms Control for Uninhabited Military Vehicles.” In Ethics and Robotics, eds. R. Capurro and M. Nagembourg, 69-82. Heidelberg: AKA Verlag, 2009. http://e3.physik.tu-dortmund.de/P&D/Pubs/0909_Ethics_and_Robotics_Altmann.pdf.
Altmann, Jurgen, Peter Asaro, Noel Sharkey, and Robert Sparrow. “Armed Military Robots: Editorial.” Ethics and Information Technology 15 no. 2 (June 2013), 73-76, http://peterasaro.org/writing/Altmann,%20Asaro,%20Sharkey,%20Sparrow%20EIT%20AMR.pdf.
“Ambassador Aryasinha inagurated the 2015 Meeting of Experts on LAWS,” News.lk, April 17, 2015, http://www.news.lk/news/sri-lanka/item/7183-ambassador-aryasinha-inagurated-the-2015-meeting-of-experts-on-laws.
Amnesty International, “UN: Ban killer robots before their use in policing puts lives at risk,” April 16, 2015, https://www.amnesty.org/en/articles/news/2015/04/ban-killer-robots-before-their-use-in-policing-puts-lives-at-risk/.
“Amnesty urges UN member states to ban further development of autonomous weapons systems,” army-technology.com, April 20, 2015, http://www.army-technology.com/news/newsamnesty-urges-un-member-states-to-ban-further-development-of-killer-robots-4556683.
Anderson, Kenneth. “Readings: Autonomous Weapons Systems and Their Regulation.” Lawfare, December 11, 2012. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2012/12/readings-autonomous-weapon-systems-and-their-regulation/.
Anderson, Kenneth. “Readings: Geoffrey Corn on Autonomous Weapons.” Lawfare, August 3, 2013. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2014/08/readings-geoffrey-corn-on-autonomous-weapons/.
Anderson, Kenneth, Daniel Reisner, and Matthew C. Waxman. “Adapting the Law of Armed Conflict to Autonomous Weapon Systems.” International Law Studies, 2014, Forthcoming. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2477095.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Don’t Ban Armed Robots in the U.S.” New Republic, October 17, 2013. http://www.newrepublic.com/article/115229/armed-robots-banning-autonomous-weapon-systems-isnt-answer.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Human Rights Watch Report on Killer Robots, and Our Critique.” Lawfare, November 26, 2012. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2012/11/human-rights-watch-report-on-killer-robots-and-our-critique/.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Killer Robots and the Laws of War.” The Wall Street Journal, November 3, 2013. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304655104579163361884479576?mod=hp_opinion.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Killer Robots and the Laws of War in Monday’s Wall Street Journal.” Lawfare, November 4, 2013. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2013/11/killer-robots-and-the-laws-of-war-in-mondays-wall-street-journal/.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Law and Ethics for Autonomous Weapons Systems: Why a Ban Won’t Work and How the Laws of War Can.” Columbia Public Law Research Paper 13-351. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2250126.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Law and Ethics for Robot Soldiers.” Policy Review (2012). http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2046375.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Similar Ethical Dilemmas for Autonomous Weapon Systems and Autonomous Self-Driving Cars.” Lawfare, November 6, 2015. https://www.lawfareblog.com/similar-ethical-dilemmas-autonomous-weapon-systems-and-autonomous-self-driving-cars.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Tom Malinowski Responds on Autonomous Lethal Systems.” Lawfare, December 5, 2012. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2012/12/tom-malinowski-responds-on-autonomous-lethal-systems/.
Anderson, Kenneth and Matthew C. Waxman. “Tom Malinowski Responds on Autonomous Lethal Systems: Part II.” Lawfare, December 6, 2012. http://www.lawfareblog.com/2012/12/tom-malinowski-responds-on-autonomous-lethal-systems/.
“Anonymous Killing by New Technologies? The Soldier between Conscience and Machine.” Ethics and Armed Forces, Issue 2014/1. http://www.ethikundmilitaer.de/fileadmin/Journale/2014-06_English/Full_issue_2014_1_Anonymous_Killing_by_new_Technologies_The_Soldier_between_Conscience_and_Machine.pdf.
Anthony, Ian and Chris Holland. “The Governance of Autonomous Weapons,” SIPRI Yearbook 2014: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, pp. 423-431, http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2014/files/sipri-yearbook-2014-chapter-9-section-ii.
Antebi, Liran. “The UN and Autonomous Weapons Systems: A Missed Opportunity.” Canada Free Press, June 9, 2015. http://canadafreepress.com/article/72703.
Arkin, Ronald. “Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture.” Georgia Tech Robotics Lab, 2007. http://www.cc.gatech.edu/ai/robot-lab/online-publications/formalizationv35.pdf.
Arkin, Ronald. Governing Lethal Behavior in Autonomous Robots. Boca Raton: Travis and Francis Group, 2009.
Arkin, Ronald. “Lethal Autonomous Systems and the Plight of the Non-combatant.” AISIB Quarterly, July 2013. http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/%28httpAssets%29/54B1B7A616EA1D10C1257CCC00478A59/$file/Article_Arkin_LAWS.pdf.
Arkin, Ronald. "The Case for Ethical Autonomy in Unmanned Systems", Journal of Military Ethics, Vol. 9, Issue 4, pp. 332-341, 2010, http://www.cc.gatech.edu/ai/robot-lab/online-publications/Arkin_ethical_autonomous_systems_final.pdf.
Arkin, Ronald, “Warfighting Robots Could Reduce Civilian Casualties, So Calling for a Ban Now Is Premature.” IEEE Spectrum, August 5, 2015. http://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/artificial-intelligence/autonomous-robotic-weapons-could-reduce-civilian-casualties.
Article 36. “AI experts call for autonomous weapons to be banned.” Article36.org, July 28, 2015, http://www.article36.org/autonomous-weapons/ai-experts-ban/.
Article 36. “Autonomous Weapons,” Article36.org, http://www.article36.org/issue/weapons/autonomous-weapons/.
Article 36, “Key Areas for Debate on Autonomous Weapons Systems: Memorandum for Delegates at the CCW Meeting of Experts on LAWS,” Article36.org, May 2014, http://www.article36.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/A36-CCW-May-2014.pdf.
Article 36, “Killer Robots: UK Government Policy on Fully Autonomous Weapons,” Article36.org, April 2013, http://www.article36.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Policy_Paper1.pdf.
Asaro, Peter. “Ban Killer Robots before They Become Weapons of Mass Destruction.” Scientific American, August 7, 2015. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ban-killer-robots-before-they-become-weapons-of-mass-destruction/.
Asaro, Peter. “Campaigning to stop killer robots,” interview with Beverly O’Connor on ABC News, April 14, 2015, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-15/campaigning-to-stop-killer-robots/6393132.
Asaro, Peter. “How Just Could a Robot War Be?” In Proceedings of the 2008 Conference on Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: 2008, 50-64. http://peterasaro.org/writing/Asaro%20Just%20Robot%20War.pdf.
Asaro, Peter. (2009). “Modeling the Moral User: Designing Ethical Interfaces for Tele-Operation,” IEEE Technology & Society, 28 (1), 20-24, http://peterasaro.org/writing/Asaro%20Modeling%20Moral%20User.pdf.
Asaro, Peter. “On Banning Autonomous Weapon Systems: Human Rights, Automation, and the Dehumanization of Lethal Decision-Making.” Special Issue on New Technologies and Warfare, International Review of the Red Cross, 94 (886), Summer 2012, pp. 687-709, http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/review/2012/irrc-886-asaro.pdf.
Asian Tribune. “Sri Lanka on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems.” Asian Tribune, November 14, 2015. http://www.asiantribune.com/node/88175.
Atherton, Kelsey. “Autonomous Underwater Robots Could Cause Deadly Accidents, Warns UN Think Tank.” Popular Science, September 8, 2015. http://www.popsci.com/un-think-tank-fears-robots-below-water.
Atherton, Kelsey D. “Think Tank Publishes Report on Tanks That Think.” Popular Science, February 13, 2015. http://www.popsci.com/think-tank-publishes-report-tanks-think.
Austen, Ben. “The Terminator Scenario: Are We Giving Our Machines Too Much Power?” Popular Science, January 13, 2011. http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2010-12/terminator-scenario.
The Austrian Delegation to the United Nations, “The concept of ‘meaningful human control,’” paper submitted to the Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems Expert Meeting, Geneva, April 13-17, 2015, http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/(httpAssets)/8D3B4C00FEFCA54CC1257E22004D14A4/$file/Working+Paper+by+Austria.pdf.
Bailey, Ronald. “Bring On the Killer Robots.” Newsweek, February 1, 2015. http://www.newsweek.com/bring-killer-robots-303299.
Bailey, Ronald. “Let Slip the Robots of War.” Reason.com, April 2015. http://reason.com/archives/2015/03/03/let-slip-the-robots-of-war.
Baraniuk, Chris, “Can we stop killer robots? UN meets to debate possible treaty,” New Scientist, April 13, 2015, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn27339-can-we-stop-killer-robots-un-meets-to-debate-possible-treaty.html#.VTlp663BxHx.
Baraniuk, Chris, “World War R: Rise of the killer robots,” New Scientist, November 17, 2014, http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429950.500-world-war-r-rise-of-the-killer-robots.html?full=true.
“Battle Robots to Guard Russian Missile Silos by 2020.” The Moscow Times, August 18, 2014. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/battle-robots-to-guard-russian-missile-silos-by-2020/505307.html.
Baum, Seth. “Stopping killer robots and other future threats.” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, February 22, 2015. http://thebulletin.org/stopping-killer-robots-and-other-future-threats8012.
Bento, Lucas. “Could Science Defeat Terrorism? Using Robots to Hunt Down ISIS.” The Diplomat, August 31, 2015. http://thediplomat.com/2015/08/could-science-defeat-terrorism-using-robots-to-hunt-down-isis/.
Bento, Lucas. “‘Killer Robots’ Need Regulation, Not a Ban.” The Diplomat, February 26, 2015. http://thediplomat.com/2015/02/killer-robots-need-regulation-not-a-ban/.
Beridze, Irakli and Odhran James McCarthy, “Beyond Asimov’s Laws Of Robotics: Sleepwalking Toward The Future?” Freedom from Fear, http://f3magazine.unicri.it/?p=879.
Biggs, Tim. “Artificial intelligence could encourage war, experts fear.” The Sydney Morning Herald, February 11, 2015. http://www.smh.com.au/digital-life/digital-life-news/artificial-intelligence-could-encourage-war-experts-fear-20150211-13bcef.html.
Bishop, Ryan and Jussi Parikka. “Advertisement Autonomous Weapons Exist, But They Aren't Weapons Yet.” Laboratory Equipment, August 7, 2015. http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2015/08/autonomous-weapons-exist-they-arent-weapons-yet.
Bolton, Matthew, Thomas Nash, and Richard Moyes. “Ban autonomous armed robots.” Article36, March 5, 2012. http://www.article36.org/statements/ban-autonomous-armed-robots/.
Bolton, Matthew (2013). “Campaign to Stop Killer Robots takes significant step forward at UN.” ICRAC in the Media, International Committee for Robot Arms Control. http://icrac.net/2013/11/campaign-to-stop-killer-robots-takes-significant-step-forward-at-un/.
Bolton, Matthew (2013). “ICRAC Member and Campaign to Stop Killer Robots Deliver Statements at the UN General Assembly First Committee.” ICRAC in the Media, International Committee for Robot Arms Control. http://icrac.net/2013/10/icrac-member-and-campaign-to-stop-killer-robots-deliver-statements-at-the-un-general-assembly-first-committee/.
Bowcott, Owen. “UK Should Campaign for International Ban on Autonomous Killer Drones.” TheGuardian.com, October 21, 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/22/uk-campaign-international-ban-autonomous-drones-ex-gchq-chief.
Bowcott, Owen, “UN urged to ban 'killer robots' before they can be developed,” The Guardian, April 9, 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/apr/09/un-urged-to-ban-killer-robots-before-they-can-be-developed.
Brandom, Russell. “The Debate on Lethal Robots is Starting too Late.” The Verge, May 29, 2015. http://www.theverge.com/2015/5/29/8687229/lethal-killer-robots-military-drones.
Brown, Alex. “One Congressman’s Crusade to Save the World From Killer Robots.” NationalJournal.com, July 17, 2014. http://www.nationaljournal.com/tech/one-congressman-s-crusade-to-save-the-world-from-killer-robots-20140717.
Burke, Cathy, “UN Meeting Focuses on ‘Killer Robots,’ High-Tech Battlefield,” Newsmax, April 14, 2015, http://www.newsmax.com/World/GlobalTalk/United-nations-killer-robots-high-tech-humans/2015/04/14/id/638516/.
Bradley, Gloria. “Autonomous Weapons will Prove Lethal for Humankind.” NYC Today, October 19, 2015. http://nycity.today/content/286414-autonomous-weapons-will-prove-lethal-....
Brooks, Rosa. “In Defense of Killer Robots.” Foreign Policy, May 18, 2015. https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/05/18/in-defense-of-killer-robots/.
“Call to boycott killer robots.” Phys.org, August 21, 2012. http://phys.org/news/2012-08-boycott-killer-robots.html.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, stopkillerrobots.org, http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, “2014: A Year of Progress.” December 23, 2014. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2014/12/yearofprogress/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, “Congressional Briefing on Killer Robots.” July 17, 2014. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2014/07/uscongress/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, “Missile Systems and Human Control.” November 24, 2014. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2014/11/missile-systems-and-human-control/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots. “More Talks in 2016 but Little Ambition.” November 13, 2015. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2015/11/noambition/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, “Nobel Laureates Call for Killer Robots Ban.” June 12, 2014. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2014/06/nobelpeace/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots. “Report on Activities.” June 4, 2015. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/KRC_CCWx2015_Report_4June2015_uploaded.pdf.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots. “Step up the CCW Mandate.” June 18, 2015. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2015/06/mandateccw/.
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, “UN Disarmament Chief Weighs In.” July 4, 2014. http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2014/07/undisarmament/.
Canepari, Zachary, Drea Cooper, and Emma Cott, “Navy Robots Test the Limits of Autonomy.” The New York Times, May 6, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/07/technology/robotica-navy-tests-limits-autonomy.html?_r=0.
Canning, John. “A Concept of Operations for Armed Autonomous Systems.” Navsea Warfare Centers. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CDYQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dtic.mil%2Fndia%2F2006disruptive_tech%2Fcanning.pdf&ei=WTSjU9n2KaHjsASd7ILYAg&usg=AFQjCNGJDtjd6PpD2qu-_ZQsA9TY3Adq1A&sig2=MS_F1I_97bsbNovWSysU6g&bvm=bv.69411363,d.cWc.
Carafano, James Jay. “Autonomous Military Technology: Opportunities and Challenges for Policy and Law,” The Heritage Foundation, August 6, 2014, http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/08/autonomous-military-technology-opportunities-and-challenges-for-policy-and-law.
Caruana, Veronique. “Killer Robots: The Future of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems.” International Law Blog, May 4, 2015, https://aninternationallawblog.wordpress.com/2015/05/04/killer-robots-the-future-of-lethal-autonomous-weapons-systems/.
Carpenter, Charli. “Beware the Killer Robots; Inside the debate over Autonomous Weapons,” Foreign Affairs, July 3, 2013. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139554/charli-carpenter/beware-the-killer-robots.
Carpenter, Charli. “Who’s Afraid of Killer Robots? (and why).” Monkey Cage blog on WashingtonPost.com, May 30, 2014. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/05/30/whos-afraid-of-killer-robots-and-why/.
Carpenter, Charli and Lina Shaikhouni. “Don't Fear the Reaper.” Foreign Policy, June 7, 2011. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/06/07/dont_fear_the_reaper.
Cartwright, Jon. “Rise of the Robots and the Future of War.” The Guardian, November 20, 2010. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2010/nov/21/military-robots-autonomous-machines.
Castro, Daniel. “‘Ban the Killer Robots’ Movement could Backfire.” Computer World, November 13, 2015. http://www.computerworld.com/article/3005204/emerging-technology/ban-the-killer-robots-movement-could-backfire.html.
The Chilean Delegation to the United Nations, “Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems, Human Rights and Ethics,” paper submitted to the Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems Expert Meeting, Geneva, April 13-17, 2015, http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/(httpAssets)/4107E2BB7C277642C1257E23006271E0/$file/Chile_LAWS-HR-Ethics.pdf.
Chansoria, Monika. “Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Need to Distinguish ‘Lethality’ from Technological Advancement and Progress.” Center for Land Warfare Studies, April 21, 2015, http://www.claws.in/1368/lethal-autonomous-weapon-systems-need-to-distinguish-%E2%80%98lethality-from-technological-advancement-and-progress-dr-monika-chansoria.html.
Chelala, Cesar. “The Perverse Rise of Autonomous Killer Robots.” The Japan Times, October 16, 2015. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2015/10/16/commentary/world-commentary/perverse-rise-autonomous-killer-robots/#.Vol6J_FGtsP.
Clark, George, “Clark: Killer robots stepping from fantasy to fact,” IFP, April 17, 2015, http://www.lfpress.com/2015/04/17/clark-killer-robots-stepping-from-fantasy-to-fact.
Coeckelbergh, Mark. “From Killer Machines to Doctrines and Swarms, or Why Ethics of Military Robotics Is not (Necessarily) About Robots.” Philosophy & Technology 24 no. 3 (2009), 269-278. http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/614/art%253A10.1007%252Fs13347-011-0019-6.pdf?auth66=1408808764_22ca14ebe1a9b3b3463b2b9d013f4fa4&ext=.pdf.
Coker, Christopher. “The Coming of ‘Killer Robots.’” E-International Relations, May 16, 2013. http://www.e-ir.info/2013/05/16/the-coming-of-killer-robots/.
“Concern Grows Over 'Killer Robots' Absent Human Controls – NGOs,” Sputnik International, April 13, 2015, http://sputniknews.com/science/20150413/1020826353.html.
Corn, Geoffrey S. “Autonomous Weapon Systems: Managing the Inevitability of ‘Taking the Man out of the Loop’.” Social Science Research Network, June 14, 2014. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2450640.
Crootof, Rebecca. “The Killer Robots Are Here: Legal and Policy Implications,” Cardozo Law Review, 36 (2015, forthcoming), http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2534567.
Crootof, Rebecca. “Why the Prohibition on Permanently Blinding Lasers is Poor Precedent for a Ban on Autonomous Weapon Systems.” Lawfare, November 24, 2015. https://www.lawfareblog.com/why-prohibition-permanently-blinding-lasers-poor-precedent-ban-autonomous-weapon-systems.
The Cuban Delegation to the United Nations, “Cuba’s National Document on Lethal Autonomous Weapons,” paper submitted to the Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems Expert Meeting, Geneva, April 13-17, 2015, http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/(httpAssets)/57B666986B91682EC1257E1A0038EF99/$file/Documento+Nacional+de+Cuba+Armas+Aut%C3%B3nomas+GE+2015+Rev+RBV.pdf.
Cumming-Bruce, Nick. “U.N. Expert Calls for Halt in Military Robot Development.” The New York Times, May 30, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/31/world/europe/united-nations-armed-robots.html.
Cummings, M.L. “Creating Moral Buffers in Weapon Control Interface Design.” IEEE Technology and Society, 123 no, 3 (October 2004). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1337888&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F44%2F29516%2F01337888.pdf%3Farnumber%3D1337888.
Dahm, Werner, J.A. “Killer Drones Are Science Fiction.” The Wall Street Journal, February, 15, 2012. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052970204883304577221590015475180.
Daileda, Colin, “UN Considers Banning Killer Robots,” Mashable, May 13, 2014, http://mashable.com/2014/05/13/un-ban-killer-robots/.
Daily News. “Welcomes Commitment to Seek a Consensus on Lethal Autonomous Weapons.” Daily News, November 23, 2015. http://www.dailynews.lk/?q=2015/11/23/local/sl-welcomes-commitment-seek-....
Dall’Agnol, Darlei. “Killer Robots and the Ethics of War in the 21st Century.” Practical Ethics, November 9, 2015. http://blog.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/2015/11/guest-post-killer-robots-and-the-ethics-of-war-in-the-21th-century/.
Datta, Devangshu. “Frankensteins of the Future.” Business Standard, February 5, 2015. http://wap.business-standard.com/article/opinion/devangshu-datta-frankensteins-of-the-future-115020501687_1.html.
“‘Deadly Drones’ Threat to Humans.” Yahoo! News, May 27, 2015. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/deadly-drones-threat-humans-170037170.html#GFHm63K.
DeGeer, Laura, “HRW concerned over accountability for fully autonomous weapons,” Jurist.org, April 10, 2015, http://jurist.org/paperchase/2015/04/hrw-concerned-over-accountability-for-fully-autonomous-weapons.php.
Department of Defense Directive 3000.09: Autonomy in Weapons Systems, November 21, 2012. http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/300009p.pdf.
Detsch, Jack. “The Rise of Military Robot R&D: A Global Phenomenon.” The Diplomat, May 22, 2015. http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/the-rise-of-military-robot-rd-a-global-phenomenon/.
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