"The most cutting-edge AI systems require massive amounts of hardware — thousands of very specialized chips, running for weeks or months at a time," Paul Scharre, executive vice president and director of studies at the Center for a New American Security, told DW.
"Denying China access will shut them out of building the most advanced systems and that gap is likely to widen over time as chip technology continues to advance."
"If you have access to the trained AI model you don't need the advanced chips. So there is a real risk that the export controls will become ineffective," Scharre, the author of the book "Four Battlegrounds: Power in the Age of Artificial Intelligence," warned.
"Talent exodus is a major hindrance to China's authoritarianism in that it drives people away. China's top AI scientists leave and it's not just that they go abroad to study and work, they prefer a more democratic way of life," Scharre said.
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