“It’s a constant competition between measures and countermeasures,” said Stacie Pettyjohn, director of the defense program at the Center for a New American Security.
U.S. forces in Iraq, responding to Islamic State drones during a fight over the city of Mosul almost a decade ago, first used electronic jamming, but it proved indiscriminate and interfered with Iraqi and even U.S. communications, Pettyjohn said. Instead, the U.S. destroyed the factories where ISIS was producing the drones.
“Even if you know about the threat, you still need to prepare for it,” said Samuel Bendett, an expert in technology and national security at the Center for a New American Security, a think tank. “Ukraine has shown that you need sophisticated, multilayered defenses to stop these—you still don’t down them all.”
“These types of nonstate actors, which operate at a very tactical level, just acquire technology and don’t have an acquisition cycle,” said Bendett.
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