ChatGPT doesn’t appear to have been conscripted into military service yet, but the recent flourishing of chatbot technology seems to have prompted renewed and more serious debate around the risks of military AI. “The political declaration and the UN vote signify a pretty significant change in the debate surrounding autonomous weapons for the last several years,” says Paul Scharre, an expert on autonomous weapons and director of studies at the Center for New American Security (CNAS), a think tank in Washington, DC.
Some autonomous weapons already exist, including defensive systems aboard battleships that can automatically shoot down incoming missiles. But there have only been a couple of reports of potential use of lethal systems that incorporate modern AI in warfare.
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