The rules were designed to curtail China's ability to exploit American chips to build massive supercomputers that can be used to create technologies similar to OpenAI's ChatGPT and could also be used for military purposes, officials said.
Thomas Krueger, a former U.S. National Security Council export control official, said "the organizing principle for all these rules is to keep them focused on those capabilities that can enable Chinese military systems. They're not interested in going after broad consumer applications. They're really trying to thread that needle."
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