February 13, 2018

China’s AI Agenda Advances

By Elsa B. Kania

Are China’s ambitions to “lead the world” in artificial intelligence (AI) by 2030 credible? China’s rapid emergence as an AI powerhouse is often hyped and sensationalized, variously provoking alarm and enthusiasm that can sometimes overshadow the reality of real progress. At the same time, critical challenges remain in China’s quest to become “the world’s premier AI innovation center” and build up an AI industry of 1 trillion RMB (about $150 billion) in the process.

In China’s “rise” in AI, the active efforts of private enterprises have predated more recent policy support. However, since the State Council released the New Generation AI Development Plan in July 2017, there have been a number of indicators that its implementation is advancing throughout all levels of government. Although the future trajectory of its AI revolution remains to be seen, China is rapidly building momentum to harness the power of state support and the dynamism of private enterprises in a new model of innovation.

AI has only recently become a clear priority for Chinese leaders under the aegis of an agenda to transform China into a “nation of innovation.” For the 13th Five-Year Plan timeframe (2016-2020), China’s ambitions to transform itself into a superpower in science and technology are clear. In August 2016, the 13th Five-Year National Science and Technology Innovation Plan called for China to seize the “high ground” in international scientific development, launching a series of 15 “Science and Technology Innovation 2030 Megaprojects”  that included both big data and intelligent manufacturing and robotics. At that point, AI was not explicitly included as a priority at that level, despite being mentioned in that and included in prior plans, such as the “Internet Plus” Artificial Intelligence Three-Year Action Implementation Plan, released in May 2016. Not until May 2017 did the Ministry of Science and Technology announce the decision to add “AI 2.0” to that initial lineup as a 16th megaproject.

Read the full op-ed in The Diplomat.

  • Commentary
    • War on the Rocks
    • July 18, 2019
    In Search of Ideas: The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence Wants You

    Americans don’t want to grow old wondering what happened to their country’s place in the world. U.S. global leadership has fostered international institutions, strengthened hu...

    By Robert O. Work & Eric Schmidt

  • Podcast
    • June 20, 2019
    What Could Possibly Go Wrong?

    War has been a driver of breakthrough technology for a long time. The first waves of artificial intelligence and even the internet came out of DARPA, a defense agency whose or...

    By Paul Scharre, Richard Danzig, Arati Prabhakar & Jonathan Wilson

  • Video
    • May 6, 2019
    2019 Drell Lecture: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War

    On April 30, 2019, CNAS Technology and National Security Program Director Paul Scharre delivered the 2019 Drell Lecture on the campus of Stanford University. Scharre's remarks...

    By Paul Scharre

  • Commentary
    • Foreign Affairs
    • April 16, 2019
    Killer Apps

    The nation that leads in the development of artificial intelligence will, Russian President Vladimir Putin proclaimed in 2017, “become the ruler of the world.” That view has b...

    By Paul Scharre

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia