July 20, 2018

Spooky Action: Sorting Hype from Reality in China’s Quantum-Tech Quest

Could the “spooky action” of quantum technologies enable China to develop disruptive military capabilities – and perhaps achieve a strategic advantage?

In its quest to offset U.S. techno-strategic advantages, China aspires to emerge as a “science and technology superpower” (科技强国) and leap ahead in quantum science through a new national megaproject. From the launch of the world’s first quantum satellite to setting a new world record with the entanglement of eighteen qubits, which reflects notable progress towards a future quantum computer, China’s advances are impressive. The billions invested in research and development, including through the construction of a new National Laboratory for Quantum Information Science, which could become the world’s largest quantum research facility, highlight that China aspires to lead in the development of these transformative technologies.

However, it is worth noting that hype often overtakes reality. Chinese Party and military leaders may hope that quantum cryptography will one day thwart foreign efforts to access their data and eavesdrop on their communications, but it’s far from clear that such supposedly unhackable systems can be practical and realized at scale. Despite its new record, China is not yet a clear leader in quantum computing. Despite the recent enthusiasm about the symbolic milestone of “quantum supremacy,” the reality is that there are long years ahead of developing and improving useful quantum computers, and it’s too soon to say whether China will succeed in this marathon.


Read the Full Article at Defense One

  • Commentary
    • Tech Policy Press
    • February 28, 2024
    UK Versus EU: Who Has A Better Policy Approach To AI?

    The EU’s policy in this area is prone to sacrificing innovation for the sake of a hypothetical future....

    By Noah Greene

  • Podcast
    • February 27, 2024
    Paul Scharre on AI 101

    Paul Scharre, Executive Vice President and Director of Studies at CNAS and author of Four Battlegrounds: Power in the Age of Artificial Intelligence, joins the show to talk ab...

    By Paul Scharre

  • Podcast
    • February 24, 2024
    Four Battlegrounds

    An award-winning defense expert tells the story of today’s great power rivalry―the struggle to control artificial intelligence. A new industrial revolution has begun. Like me...

    By Paul Scharre

  • Commentary
    • February 21, 2024
    Comments on the Advanced Computing/Supercomputing IFR: Export Control Strategy & Enforcement for AI Chips

    This comment represents the views of the authors alone and not those of their employers.1 The authors commend the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) for the Advanced Comput...

    By Erich Grunewald & Tim Fist

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia