February 09, 2018

Tech entanglement—China, the United States, and artificial intelligence

By Elsa B. Kania

In Washington and Beijing’s complex bilateral relationship, artificial intelligence has emerged as a new domain of both cooperation and competition. Even as China and the United States increasingly compete in artificial intelligence on the national level, the two countries’ business and technology sectors are deeply entangled, competing and collaborating by turn.

Although this degree of engagement can be mutually beneficial, US enterprises must also remain cognizant of the agenda and priorities of the Chinese Communist Party, which do not always accord with core US interests and values. In certain instances, ties between US tech firms and Chinese entities, some with military connections, have sparked concerns in the United States—notably, within the Pentagon—that such engagement could result in the transfer of dual-use technologies, advance China’s military modernization, or aid in Beijing’s construction of an ever more pervasive and sophisticated surveillance state, potentially enabling and exacerbating human rights abuses. If unaware or indifferent, US enterprises risk being exploited by the Party—or becoming complicit in Beijing’s AI-enabled efforts to advance the state’s surveillance capabilities and military modernization efforts.

Read the full article at The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

  • Reports
    • January 28, 2020
    Rising to the China Challenge

    An independent assessment for Congress as mandated by the FY2019 National Defense Authorization Act....

    By Ely Ratner, Daniel Kliman, Susanna V. Blume, ​Rush Doshi, Chris Dougherty, Richard Fontaine, Peter Harrell, Martijn Rasser, Elizabeth Rosenberg, Eric Sayers, Daleep Singh, Paul Scharre, Loren DeJonge Schulman, ​Neil Bhatiya, Ashley Feng, Joshua Fitt, Megan Lamberth, Kristine Lee & Ainikki Riikonen

  • Commentary
    • Defense One
    • January 28, 2020
    Great Powers Must Talk to Each Other About AI

    Imagine an underwater drone armed with nuclear warheads and capable of operating autonomously. Now imagine that drone has lost its way and wandered into another state’s territ...

    By Elsa B. Kania & Dr. Andrew Imbrie

  • Commentary
    • The Hill
    • January 28, 2020
    America should challenge China on worldwide social media dominance

    After one year during which lawmakers on Capitol Hill, federal regulators, and the Pentagon all intensified their scrutiny of TikTok, the social media platform owned by a Chin...

    By Kristine Lee & Chris Estep

    • Commentary
    • San Francisco Chronicle
    • January 24, 2020
    The AI regulation wave is coming: Industry should ride it

    America’s artificial intelligence industry is increasingly likely to face government regulations that could blunt innovation. There is a perfect storm brewing on Capitol Hill,...

    By Martijn Rasser

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia