August 25, 2021

The Right Way to Structure Cyber Diplomacy

By Laura Bate and Natalie Thompson

The modern State Department was forged in an era of global transformation. In the 1930s, the department had fewer than 2,000 personnel and, as one historian emphasized, it was a “placid” place that was comfortable with “lethargic diplomacy.” World War II revolutionized the department, which readily transformed itself to handle the demands of planning a new international order. Between 1940 and 1945, the department’s domestic staff levels tripled and its budget doubled.

Today, the State Department is once again confronting the challenge of how to organize itself to cope with new international challenges — not those of wartime, but ones created by rapid technological change. There are ongoing conversations about how the department should handle cyberspace policy, as well as concerns about emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, quantum computing, next generation telecommunications, hypersonics, biotechnology, space capabilities, autonomous vehicles, and many others.

The State Department is once again confronting the challenge of how to organize itself to cope with new international challenges — not those of wartime, but ones created by rapid technological change.

As Ferial Ara Saeed recently emphasized, the department is not structured in a way that makes sense for addressing these matters. She is not alone in having this view, and others have also offered ideas for reform. Former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s proposal for a Bureau of Cyberspace Security and Emerging Technologies focused too narrowly on security, as Saeed correctly diagnoses. As an alternative, she proposes consolidating all technology policy issues under a new under secretary, who would report to the deputy secretary of state for management and resources.

The State Department should be restructured so that it can conduct effective cyber diplomacy, but establishing one bureau for all things technology-related is not the way to proceed. Conceptually, the core challenges for cyberspace policy are different from those related to emerging technology issues, and creating one all-encompassing bureau would generate multiple practical problems. Instead, the department should establish a Bureau of International Cyberspace Policy, as proposed in the Cyber Diplomacy Act. Consolidating cyberspace policy issues in a single bureau would provide greater coherence to overarching priorities and day-to-day diplomatic activities. Emerging technology issues should remain the responsibility of the appropriate existing bureaus.

Read the full article from War on the Rocks.

  • Video
    • August 17, 2022
    The True Cost Of Killer Drones

    Is it better to have a person pull the trigger or is it OK to let computer algorithms choose between life and death? Paul Scharre joins Business Insider to discuss. Watch the...

    By Paul Scharre

  • Commentary
    • August 15, 2022
    Sharper: Industrial Policy

    Lawmakers in Washington have increasingly pushed for legislation to address key industry vulnerabilities and better position the United States as a leader in critical technolo...

    By Anna Pederson, Drisya Antose & Hannah Kelley

  • Video
    • August 11, 2022
    The CCP’s new strategy for attacking Taiwan, cyber attacks and military exercises

    Alexandra Seymour joins VOA to discuss recent cyberattacks on Taiwan. Watch the full interview from Voice of America....

    By Alexandra Seymour

  • Podcast
    • August 10, 2022
    Ryan Fedasiuk joins the ConversationSix podcast

    Adjunct fellow Ryan Fedusiak outlines why the United States keeps failing to compete with China in high-tech, strategically important industries — and how we can avoid repeati...

    By Ryan Fedasiuk

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia