February 15, 2023

Trouble at the Roof of the World

In recent years, the disputed border between China and India has become the site of growing tensions. Chinese encroachment has sparked clashes along the mostly rugged, mountainous border, known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC), which threaten to lead to all-out conflict between the two Asian giants.

U.S. officials should take this possible flash point more seriously, mentioning it in every strategic document and speech relating to the Indo-Pacific.

These mounting tensions affect the United States and its Indo-Pacific strategy. Military hostilities between the two large, nuclear-armed countries risk escalating into a conflagration that could involve a third nuclear power: Pakistan. Such a widening conflict would be catastrophic for the region, though it now remains a remote prospect. More likely, border tensions will continue to simmer as China and India strengthen their military capabilities and build up infrastructure along the border. Washington should assist New Delhi in deterring further Chinese attempts to nibble away at Indian territory and be ready to respond quickly in case events spiral out of control.

Read the full article from Foreign Affairs.

  • Congressional Testimony
    • February 1, 2024
    Military Artificial Intelligence, the People’s Liberation Army, and U.S.-China Strategic Competition

    China sees AI playing a central role in advancing its military power. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) General Secretary Xi Jinping has set ambitious goals for the PLA to “basica...

    By Jacob Stokes

  • Commentary
    • The Washington Post
    • January 22, 2024
    Rumors of China’s Decline Are Premature and Dangerous

    The chief near-term risk is not that Beijing’s ascent will fizzle, but rather that Washington will fail to muster the strength necessary for an adequate response....

    By Richard Fontaine

  • Commentary
    • Sharper
    • January 11, 2024
    Sharper: Democracy

    While 2024 marks the beginning of a presidential election year in the United States, it also marks a year of elections across the globe. These elections are taking place amid ...

    By Anna Pederson & Charles Horn

  • Commentary
    • The New York Times
    • December 29, 2023
    How to Stop Our High-Tech Equipment From Arming Russia and China

    The U.S. government’s efforts to stop Russia and China from using American equipment to boost their defense sectors have resulted in tough rules — but leaky enforcement. As a ...

    By Chris Miller & Jordan Schneider

View All Reports View All Articles & Multimedia