When you're asked to paint a picture of war, what comes to mind?
It's likely to be hundreds of troops on the ground, supported by pilots flying jets and dropping bombs on targets.
That image is fast dissolving, as emerging technologies change the way countries are preparing to defend themselves.
So who is ahead in the technological race - and what are the complications and future threats?
Listen to the full conversation on ABC Australia's PM with Linda Mottram.
More from CNAS
CommentaryThe Biden Administration Should Review and Rebuild the Trump Administration’s China Initiative From the Ground Up
The incoming Biden administration should reform and rebuild the China Initiative from the ground up to better reflect the highest values of the American justice system....
By Elsa B. Kania & Joe McReynolds
CommentarySharper: National Security's Next Generation
The need to amplify new and diverse voices in national security policymaking has never been clearer....
By Chris Estep, Ainikki Riikonen & Cole Stevens
CommentaryCreate a bulwark against Chinese economic coercion: Advance open RAN in Europe
It remains critical for the Biden administration and the U.S. Congress to work with transatlantic allies to create a bulwark against Beijing’s economic coercion and advance ne...
By Carisa Nietsche & Martijn Rasser
CommentaryThe U.S.’s China Strategy Needs New Tools
Policymakers maintain an unparalleled capacity to push back using sanctions, export controls and investment restrictions. Trade, however, presents a unique dilemma....
By Jordan Schneider & David Talbot