Image credit: Presidential Press/El Salvador
October 04, 2022
In El Salvador and Elsewhere, Leaders Find Ways to Break Term Limits
Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele announced last month that he would run for a second consecutive term. The announcement follows last year’s ruling by the Salvadoran Supreme Court that abolished the country’s one-term constitutional limit for the presidency.
Bukele’s move mirrors successful efforts by other democratically elected leaders to extend their terms — including Bolivia’s Evo Morales in 2017 and Colombia’s Alvaro Uribe in 2005. Many observers criticized his reelection bid, claiming a second term would entrench Bukele’s control over the country and push El Salvador back on a path of authoritarian rule. El Salvador’s previous authoritarian period ended in 1994 after years of civil war.
Limits to executive time in office help ensure regular, institutionalized rotation of leadership.
Are critics correct in worrying about El Salvador’s democracy? In new research, we show that personalist party leaders like Bukele are more likely to try to expand executive power — including attempts to alter term limit rules — putting democratic governance at risk.
Limits to executive time in office help ensure regular, institutionalized rotation of leadership. Term limit extensions, by contrast, can be a red flag for democracy, suggesting a leader’s intention to stay in office by subverting rules established to curb executive power.
Read the full article from The Washington Post.
More from CNAS
The Trajectory of the War in Ukraine
The trajectory of the war in Ukraine hinges on the outcome of the widely anticipated Ukrainian counteroffensive. Recent events spell trouble for Russia as Pro-Ukrainian Russia...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Jim Townsend & Gustav Gressel
Ukraine's Delayed Offensive, IVG Reproduction, Preparing for Debt Default
Ukraine has been preparing for months to launch a counteroffensive against Russia's invasion, but the high stakes operation has seen many delays. Michael Kofman joins NPR Up F...
By Michael Kofman
What Does the Future Hold for Turkey?
Turkey’s presidential election is headed to a second round after no candidate won an outright majority on May 14. Ahead of the rematch between current President Erdoğan and op...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Jim Townsend, Steven A. Cook & Aslı Aydıntaşbaş
What Comes Next for U.S. Policy Towards Russia?
Watch the full hearing on "What Comes Next for U.S. Policy Toward Russia", held by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.I. Introduction Chairman Menendez, Ranking Member Ris...
By Andrea Kendall-Taylor