On their own, few countries are powerful enough to stand up to bullying by China, and the existing security alliances upon which the world’s major democracies depend weren’t built to address the economic threats now emanating from Beijing. This spring, shortly after Australia called for an international investigation into the origins of COVID-19, the Chinese ambassador to that country threatened an economic boycott, declaring that the Chinese public could go without Australian wine and beef, among other products. Since China is Australia’s largest export market, this was no small threat. Subsequently, China blocked imports from major Australian meat producers and placed tariffs on Australian barley. More and more, China is using its massive economic weight to threaten countries that challenge its actions, criticize its leaders, or express sympathy for people whom it considers dissidents or separatists.
The problem is that the United States and its allies currently lack the ability to respond to the type of geo-economic threats that China is making.
In April, Chinese officials threatened the European Union with unnamed repercussions if an official EU report described a Chinese “global disinformation campaign” related to COVID-19. (The EU toned down the report.) Beijing has threatened economic harm to German automakers if Germany attempts to exclude equipment made by the Chinese telecom giant Huawei from its 5G networks. Last year, China also threatened to impose trade restrictions on Sweden after a Chinese Swedish author was awarded a prize for persecuted writers by the Swedish chapter of the group PEN International. These moves represent a kind of economic imperialism. The Chinese Communist Party, which suppresses dissent at home, is trying to force other countries to abide by its authoritarian norms and use its preferred company to build their own essential communications networks.
Read the full article in The Atlantic.
More from CNAS
CommentaryDesigning a U.S. Digital Development Strategy
The digital choices that U.S. allies and partners make today will play a critical role in shaping the future of U.S. national security....
By Siddharth Mohandas, Kristine Lee, Joshua Fitt & Coby Goldberg
VideoTikTok reportedly set to sue Trump administration over potential ban
Insight from Kara Frederick, fellow at the Center for New American Security. Watch the full conversation on Fox and Friends First....
By Kara Frederick
VideoIs Seeing Still Believing? Synthetic Media and Illiberal Uses of Technology
At this exercise on June 15, 2020, the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) challenged the audience to spot the difference between real and synthetic media (digital forge...
By Kara Frederick, Ainikki Riikonen, Megan Lamberth, Dr. Sheena Chestnut Greitens, Sara Fischer, Dr. Aynne Kokas, Danika Laszuk & Maya Wang